[citation needed] Some authors avoid this confusion by using "Oregon grape-holly" or "Oregon holly-grape" as a vernacular name for any species of Mahonia. However, in commercial horticulture these plants are still known as Mahonia. Additionally, some botanists treat the plant as a subspecies of tall Oregon grape (Berberis aquifolium), in which case the scientific name Berberis aquifolium var. [5], Numerous cultivars and hybrids have been developed, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[14], The small purplish-black fruits, which are quite tart and contain large seeds, are included in small quantities in the traditional diets of Pacific Northwest indigenous peoples, mixed with salal or another sweeter fruit. You will find this plant under these other names including Mahonia aquilfolium, Berberry, Barberry, Berberis aquifolium, Berberis nervosa, and Berberis repens. Oregon Grape. Each leaflet has one central vein and 10-12 spines on its margin. Our Team; Careers; Services; Correspondent Services repens is applied. Adding color and splendor to the shade garden, Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon Grape Holly) is a striking evergreen shrub with multi-season interest. Prefers drier sites. It is not related to grape; however, the name "Oregon grape" originated from its purple clusters of berries that resemble grapes. Tall Oregon grape (Berberis aquifolium) Description: Medium to tall shrub, found in dry forests and woodlands. It is an evergreen shrub growing 1 m (3 ft) to 3 m (10 ft)[4] tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. Among these are tall Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium); Cascade, low, dull, or dwarf Oregon grape (M. nervosa); and creeping Oregon grape (M. repens). Some botanists argue that the genus Mahonia is not different enough from … There are many different common names that are associated with this plant, and they are often used for other species of Mahonia, so specify that you want M. aquifolium to help avoid confusion. Mahonia aquifolium is a native plant in the North American West from Southeast Alaska to Northern California, and eastern Alberta to central New Mexico, often occurring in the understory of Douglas fir forests (although other forest types contain the species) and in brushlands in the Cascades, Rockies, and northern Sierras. Mahonia aquifolium is not closely related to either the true holly (Ilex aquifolium) or the true grape (Vitis vinifera cv.). Common Name(s): Piper's Oregon-grape, Oregon Grape, Oregon Holly-Grape, Oregon-grape, Piper Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Barberry, Hollyleaf Barberry, Hollyleaved Barberry, Mountain Grape, Tall Oregon Grape [8][9][10][11] The Oregon-grape is not related to true grapes, but gets its name from the purple clusters of berries whose color and slightly dusted appearance are reminiscent of grapes. Root tea has also been noted as being used to help treat gonorrhoea and syphilis. These berries have also been used for dye and medicinal uses. Selected Oregon-grape species Common names Scientific name Site Conditions Oregon grape, tall Oregon grape, hollyleaved barberry Mahonia aquifolium, Berberis aquifolium Partial sun to shady forested sites Dwarf Oregon grape, Cascade Oregon grape, dull Oregon grape Mahonia nervosa, Berberis nervosa Partial sun to shady forested sites Today, they are sometimes used to make jelly, alone or mixed with salal. Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium. Our Team; Careers; Services; Correspondent Services The inner bark of the larger stems and roots of Oregon grape yields a yellow dye; the berries give purple dye. Scientific Name Other Common Names; BEAQ: Berberis aquifolium Pursh: BEAQA: Berberis aquifolium Pursh var. Due to its shiny holly-like leaves, bluish berries and yellow flowers, it is prized as an ornamental. Additionally, some botanists treat the plant as a subspecies of tall Oregon grape (Berberis aquifolium), in which case the scientific name Berberis aquifolium var. Summary 5 Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon-grape or Oregon grape) is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America.It is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide, with pinnate leaves consisting of spiny leaflets, and dense clusters of yellow flowers in early spring, followed by dark bluish-black berries. This species of flowering plant grows to 1 m (3 ft) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide. Shining Oregon grape is the state flower of Oregon. Tall Oregon grape is a shrub that is normally situated in drier, more open areas than low Oregon grape. Berberidaceae Leaves are shiny green, glossy on both sides, turning reddish/purplish in winter. Dwarf Oregon grape, also known as dull or Cascade Oregon grape, is commonly found in Douglas fir or Western red cedar forests from central California to southern British Columbia, and a small pocket of northern Idaho. Systematic Botany 14:565-579. They look and taste nothing like a grape. Oregon grape, Berberis aquifolium, was first introduced into medical practice by a drug company still operating today, Parke, Davis, & Co. Tall Oregon Grape, Low Oregon Grape, Oregon hollygrape, Oregon grapeholly, and Holly-leaved barberry. Some scientists prefer to call it Berberis aquifolium. Some Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau use Oregon grape for indigestion. Scientific Name: Mahonia bealei . Transfer of specific and infraspecific taxa from, Indigenous peoples of the Northwest Plateau, "Berberis aquifolium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Additional Common Names: Oregon Grape, Oregon Grape Holly, Mahonia Aguifolium, Holly-Leaved Berry, Mahonia. Each leaflet has one central vein and 10-12 spines on its margin. Sometimes called Tall Oregon Grape, Tall Mahonia and Dull-leaved Oregon Grape. Indigenous to western North America, Mahonia aquifolium which is commonly called as the Oregon grape having its roots in the family Berberidaceae is an evergreen shrub. M. aquifolium will tolerate the shaded areas but prospers better in exposed areas. Loconte, H., & J. R. Estes. Its berries attract birds. It is said that the First Nations peoples of British Columbia used the berries of the plant as a blood purifier because it is believed to be good for the blood as well as cleanses the liver. [18] The berries can also be eaten raw after the season's first frosts.[19]. Oregon Grape. The berries of the Oregon Grape are used as natural colorants and also can be made into jelly. Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium Pursh and M.nervosa Pursh. Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America. The plant grows slowly at the beginning but once established the plant will grow quickly to it matured size. It is also known as Berberis nervosa. Leaves are shiny green, glossy on both sides, turning reddish/purplish in winter. The roots of M. aquifolium are bright yellow and were often used for making dye, primarily for baskets. ‘Carol Mackie’ - Carol Mackie daphne Gaultheria shallon - salal Lavandula species - lavender [3] BRIT. Oregon grape root is an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, Cholagogue, hepatic, and laxative. Prefers drier sites. Distribution and habitat The plant's stiff and leathery leaves are technically leaflets, since the leaves are pinnately compound. Table 1. Oregon Grape. Tall Oregon grape is usually found at elevations below 4000 ft., and occurs in sunny‐to‐shaded areas and can thrive in rocky areas as opposed to the low Oregon grape. Scientific Name: Mahonia nervosa. Tall Mahonia. Oregon grape root has been used to address minor to severe infections for hundreds, if not thousands of years. Mapping Our Common Ground 2018 now available! These berries are also used for dye and medicinal purposes. Some species grow in sunny or shade sites in moist, well-drained soil; others prefer dry, well-drained sites. Botanical Description: Tall Oregon grape (M. aquifolium) … Common Name(s): Piper's Oregon-grape, Oregon Grape, Oregon Holly-Grape, Oregon-grape, Piper Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Oregon-grape, Holly-leaved Barberry, Hollyleaf Barberry, Hollyleaved Barberry, Mountain Grape, Tall Oregon Grape Common Name (s): Oregon grape, barberry1 tall mahonia, hollyleaved barberry, mountain grape, Oregon grape-holly, and Oregon hollygrape2 shining Oregon grape3 Species Code (as per USDA Plants database): MAAQ2 GENERAL INFORMATION *Though Mahonia is still the commonly accepted name, this plant has been placed in the Berberis genus5 The state flower of Oregon is the yellow flower of Oregon Grape, hence the name. The plant is often found near the sides of highways along with forests and garden beds. Submitted by es421 on Mon, 07/18/2016 - 1:11pm, Island Hullkemel’em Name(s): suni'ulhp (Downriver/Island); suliyulhp (Upriver), Botanical Description: Tall Oregon grape (M. aquifolium) is a native shrub routinely found in Pacific Northwest forest with small yellow flowers and blue‐black berries. Common Name: Tall Oregon Grape Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium Sun Exposure: Full sun to full shade , very adaptable Average Size: 3-10 feet in height and about 4-8 feet in diameter Moisture: Can grow on sites ranging from fairly dry to moist. Mahonia Aquifolium (Tall), Mahonia Nervosa (Low) Common Names. CALL US +27 (0) 31 304 4212 . Common Name: tall Oregon-grape Scientific Name: Mahonia aquifolium BCG Subzone: Coastal Western Hemlock Very Wet Marine Date Collected: 12/09/18 Locality: BCIT Burnaby Tall Oregon Grape, Mahonia aquifolium. The flowers, borne in dense clusters in late spring, are yellow, and are followed by spherical dark dusty blue berries, which give rise to the common name "Oregon grape".[7]. It was highly regarded among eclectic physicians for use against syphilis. Tall and Low Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium) Common name(s): Tall or Low Oregon grape Scientific Name(s): Mahonia aquifolium Island Hullkemel’em Name(s): suni'ulhp (Downriver/Island); suliyulhp (Upriver) Family: Berberidaceae Caution(s): None. The scientific name of the tall Oregon grape is Mahonia aquifolium. Oregon grape is native to western North America and is particularly prominent in the Pacific Northwest as the name suggests. Scientific Name/Common Name: Mahonia aquifolia / Oregon Grape Part(s) Used: Root Constituents/Active Ingredients: Isoquinoline alkaloids berbamine, berberine, canadine, corypalmine, hydrastine, isocorydine, mahonine, and oxyacanthine, resin, and tannins. The plant's stiff and leathery leaves are technically leaflets, since the leaves are pinnately compound. [1], Current Distribution and Local Habitat(s): As mentioned, Tall Oregon grapes range habitually is found in Pacific Northwest forests ranging from southern BC South through Washington, Oregon, and to California. Scientific Name: Mahonia nervosa. [22], Oregon-grape is the state flower of Oregon.[23]. Overview: Oregon Grape is a tall shrub found in the western regions of Canada and the United States. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Bloom period happens April to May and fruits ripen from September to October. This shrub has large, pinnately compound leaves with 9 to 13 spiny leaflets. Mahonia aquifolium is also known as Berberis aquifolium. thick. The dull Oregon-grape is shorter and grows in a variety of forest conditions ranging from dry to fairly moist and at low to middle elevations in the southern coast region. 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