Optimum planting should guarantee sufficiently thin stems that ensure obtaining high amounts of thin and divisible fibre for different industrial applications. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. Fibrous plant is invading south american lake. Crossword Clue The crossword clue Fibrous material with 5 letters was last seen on the April 07, 2020.We think the likely answer to this clue is NYLON.Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. Creation of fibrous plant protein foods . Some occur naturally in both asbestiform and non-asbestiform forms, … (The importance of these producers for providing products made from recycled plastics and wood often goes underreported in a world that still sees plastics as inferior structural materials and throwaway items.). Developers of better wood–plastic systems have focused heavily on improved fiber coupling, since chemically bonding the cellulose fiber and the polymer matrix improves strength and reduces water absorption. The spiral plant lives in symbiosis with the Vent Garden, which provides a safe environment for the spiral plant to grow. Staatssamml. Fibrous. Grasses and straws have been used for many generations as a reinforcing fiber in mud bricks in Egypt. Let's find possible answers to "Fibrous plant material" crossword clue. (September–December 1831). Many countries reinforced available local biofibers to form composites for various purposes. Il est généralement placé après le nom et s'accorde avec le nom ( ex : un ballon bleu, un e balle bleu e ). This means that it is necessity to modify the sowing density to obtain the optimum plant density for the best fibre yield and quality. Ecological problems in recent decades have urged the necessity of looking for the new alternatives that could replace synthetic materials and their composites with environmentally lower-impact materials. L’illustration horticole 11: 66. Fibrous plant material. In this chapter we will explore the mechanical performance of biofibers and their biocomposites. ISBN 978-94-6343-319-8 . nilan.ca . For now, the full potential of MLF still could not be accessed since it is limited in literature. Today's crossword puzzle clue is a quick one: Fibrous plant material. It is also important to note that conventional architects, planners, or builders seem unfamiliar with this wide inventory of plants and that in these areas of Mexico palm thatching knowledge is acquired by being apprenticed to other thatchers rather than from formal academic training. Unlike monogastrics such as swine and poultry, ruminants have a digestive system designed to ferment feedstuffs and provide precursors for energy for the animalto use. But many plant fiber reinforcements remain in the research and development phase until problems with moisture absorption, low processing temperatures, and economies of scale (and other cost issues) are resolved. However, most of the materials are semi products which are ground, rotted or pre-hydrolyzed. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Therefore, the performance of aqueous microgrinding operations in stirred media mills can be optimized by investigating the interaction between process conditions and material … Definition 1: A dark material made of decaying plants that is burned for heat or added to garden soil. Furthermore, a systematic study is conducted on the extrusion and compression molding process. Plant fibrous material is one of the most valuable materials because of its renewability, abundance and wide application (Cheng, 2009).It can be used in textile (Costa et al., 2013), paper (Hubbell and Ragauskas, 2010), food (Muangrat et al., 2010), medical (Pomin and Mourão, 2008), composite (Messing and Oppermann, 1979), biofuel (Guazzotti et al., 2003), and other areas. High moisture absorption of natural fiber causes several problems to the composite panel such as swelling, dimension changes, and voids in the fiber-matrix interface (Das and Biswas, 2016). Finally, we will solve this crossword puzzle clue and get the correct word. 1887. 1875. Locally available material such as banana leaves or sheaths, seko mats, banco, mud and old plastic bags proved to be successful on farm scale. 114. Large portion of these biofibers were replaced with synthetic fibers such as glass fibers as a reinforcing material during the 20th century. Unfortunately, POs’ nonpolar nature prevents good bonding with natural fibers, making coupling agent strategies important, as discussed below and in Chapter 14. Great efforts have been made to develop lightweight materials from abundant natural resources and agricultural by-products that include biofibers and biocomposites. DOI 10.18174/456158 . References: http://www.tropicos.org (search by scientific name). The presence of older construction material on … Natural fibers develop or occur in the fiber shape, and include those produced by plants, animals, and geological processes. Cultivating crops for energy use does not preclude a farmer from growing food crops as well – or vice versa. If you take the food that contains fiber it not only keeps you healthy, but also drives out the diseases. The biocomposite market was expected to reach US $3.8 billion by the end of 2016 because of the improved performance and the wide use of sustainable materials. Previous work by (Sheltami et al., 2012), revealed that the chemical composition of MLF consists of 37% cellulose, 34.4% hemicellulose, 15.7% Pentosans, and 24% lignin and ash. The Illustrated Dictionary of Gardening, … 4: 1. Rather than the construction focus of WPCs, future applications with these reinforcements will likely include more lightweight automotive parts (an industry in which wood and plant fibers have already had a long, spotty history of use with various polymers). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780857090270500047, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080428499500598, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978008102292400014X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444632890000065, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124159785000072, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080305806500528, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780815520511000078, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081021606000093, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081007075000113, Process and quality control in cultivating natural textile fibres, INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGIES IN THE BIOMASS UTILIZATION, Mechanical performance of biofibers and their corresponding composites, Sunil Kumar Ramamoorthy, ... Mikael Skrifvars, in, Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites, It is important to start with a clear understanding of what will and will not be included in this chapter, “Mechanical performance of biofibers and their corresponding composites.” In this chapter, “biofiber” is defined as, Bhavya Balagurumurthy, ... Thallada Bhaskar, in, Recent Advances in Thermo-Chemical Conversion of Biomass, Strategic Priorities of Sustainable Energy Development, Energy for Rural and Island Communities: Proceedings of the Third International Conference Held at Inverness, Scotland, September 1983, Mechanical Properties of Mengkuang Leave Fiber Reinforced Low Density Polyethylene Composites, Mohammad H.M. Hamdan, ... Tezara Cionita, in, Natural Fibre Reinforced Vinyl Ester and Vinyl Polymer Composites, ) belongs to a family of pandamaceae comprised of 600 known species. However, not all garden plants are suited for making plants. It will be demonstrated by case studies, that a technology with only the main product can not be economical. Cost-effective and efficient, one sack is equivalent to six to eight sacks of farm manure. 1832. Composites that have biofibers are termed biocomposites. This is normally achieved by a combination of drainage and air drying in the form of milled or sod peat. (1 Sept 1908), Symbolae Botanicae, sive, Descriptiones et icones plantarum novarum aut minus cognitarum 1: 63, pi. Print Book & E-Book. Peat, lignite, coal and anthracite are all derived from plant remains that have decomposed or been carbonized to various degree by chemical, biological and physical processes including the combined action of heat and pressure. Today there are few places where a building can be achieved solely out of natural vegetative material, and it is clear that some of the last places where this type of building is found are in isolated Pacific Austronesian cultures. Hot Ham. At the high-volume end of the industry are the multiple producers that profitably provide tons of WPCs. This increases properties in proportion to their loading, and higher amounts of anhydride can be obtained in reactor-produced ethylene/anhydride copolymers. The advantages of energy crops over food crops are that they do not require the best land and need significantly less care, water, and fertilizers. Some staining and minor cracking issues in extreme and/or wet environments have been encountered, and these problems are gradually being resolved [7-46]. Find more ways to say fibrous, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. These ruminants depend on diets of grasses and other fibrous plant material. This typically requires additions of POs grafted with functional maleic anhydride monomer groups, which contain hydroxyl groups that bond to the wood. Calcium caseinate, a dairy protein, was the first protein that was transformed into a fibrous product with a shear cell (Manski et al., 2007b; Manski, van der Zalm, van der Goot, & Boom, 2008). Our system collect crossword clues from most populer crossword, cryptic puzzle, quick/small crossword that found in Daily Mail, Daily Telegraph, Daily Express, Daily Mirror, Herald-Sun, The Courier-Mail, Dominion Post and many others popular newspaper. In the past and recent, the MLF application is not widespread compared to other fibers such as jute, ramie, kenaf, and sisal. 1 From fibrous plant residues to mineral -associated organic carbon ± the fate of organic matter in Arctic permafrost soils Isabel Prater 1, Sebastian Zubrzycki 2, Franz Buegger 3 Lena C. Zoor -Füllgraff 1, Gerrit Angst 4, Michael Dannenmann 5, Carsten W. Mueller 1 5 1Technical University of Munich, Research Department Ecology and Ecosystem Management, Soil Science , 85354 Freising, (1 May 1753), Species used as binding materials in highland region Puebla (, Perrine, Henry ex author Engelmann, Georg (George). A functioning organism represents life. An example is sweet sorghum, which yields both bioethanol and dry cellulosic material for other bioenergy use. ), Mitteilungen der Botanischen Staatssammlung München 9: 95–99. Below is the solution for the question: “Fibrous Plant Material” from the The Sun 2 Speed Crossword No 002611 date December 06, 2019. Wood has been used as a fine filler in POs for injection molding, but of most commercial importance are relatively coarse fiber-filled WPC products for fencing, railings, flooring, and decking. Here, the abaca fiber was integrated with PP as continuous fibers and then was compression molded. Author information: (1)Institut für Biochemie, Christian-Albrechts Universität zu Kiel, Olshausenstrasse 40, D-24098 Kiel, Germany. For peat at over 90 per cent moisture, the heat of combustion of the solid matter is insufficient to vaporise the water present. Other possible reasons include rheumatoid arthritis, a … Often in such buildings use is also made of precious hardwoods prohibited by the Mexican organization formed to control the use of resources in particular environments. It was also observed that decisions about the use of materials in these cases were made mostly by the clients or architects that employed the thatchers for the roof structure. Although WPCs do help satisfy the market’s interest in durable “green” products, as a reinforcement, wood fiber has much less strength than glass fiber. Macroscopically fibrous materials were obtained when dense aqueous dispersions of calcium caseinate (30 wt.%) were sheared at roughly 50 s-1 (Fig. The six case study palm thatched buildings. These materials are being used together by people all over the world to create shelters and other structures to suit their local weather conditions. 1836. G. MARTON, ... E.G. … It is thus important that some palm thatched building structures in west coast Mexico made without the use of a single nail still exist, although more commonly iron components are used to attach certain building elements together. Food and energy crops can usefully be grown hand-in-hand to maximize the overall efficiency of the farm. These fibers are also referred to as vegetable, biomass, photomass, agromass, solarmass, and photosynthetic fibers [1]. 206 pages. Fibrous plant-based materials are characterized by inhomogeneous structure and composition, which further evolve during wet grinding processes and affect the surface functionality of micronized particles. These factors could also cause the properties to vary in different parts of same plant. Hence the degree of decomposition of peat as determined by the von Post and other methods is an extremely important criterion in assessing its value for fuel, horticulture and other uses. Best results in WPCs usually require a strong coupling of wood fibers to the matrix (discussed more in Chapter 14), using maleic-anhydride-grafted resins or other coupling agents. Many scientific articles, reviews, conference proceedings, and books reflect growing interest in and the importance of biofibers and biocomposites [7,8]. Created later than stucco, fibrous plaster has become a must in the production of decorations. The application of nonwood fiber especially as fiber reinforced is an important way to preserve the natural forest. cially ruminants are the most effective animals in utilizing fibrous materials due to the structure of their digestive system (Fujikura et al., 1989). The secret of the good health of animals, birds and other creatures is the fibrous food that they eat. Pl. The fibrous root system spreads like a mat structure in palm trees. We previously highlighted the importance of biofibers [6]. Fibrous definition is - containing, consisting of, or resembling fibers. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Before the start of the project, Wageningen University and the Technical University of Delft jointly developed a novel technology for the production of fibrous, plant-based materials on nano to meso scale, resembling the structure and bite of meat better than commercial products that are currently available to consumers. A sowing density that is too high will result in thin stems, susceptible to lodging and disease. In such cases the local people contract directly with a thatcher instead of going through an architect or designer. The digestion or degradation of fibrous materials by ruminants is characterized by the fermentation of plant materials in the rumen. Thus, along with its relatively low aspect ratio, it usually fails to increase a compound’s strength much (or reduces it), though it can lend some stiffness and hardness to PO compounds. Wood’s processing temperature is limited to 210°C, meaning that PE is often the WPC matrix material of choice. Species Plantarum 2: 1008. Furthermore, we calculated the ratio of the integrated chemical-shift regions 70 to 75 ppm (O alkyl C of carbohydrates) and 52 to 57 ppm (methoxyl C of lignin) according to Bonanomi et al. Fibrous plant material. The fibers are added to improve the mechanical performance of such composites. Wood-reinforced PO materials include WPCs and other materials reinforced with wood fiber (generally having aspect ratios >10) or fine wood flour (aspect ratios <10). The wood is the hard, fibrous substance found beneath bark in the stems and branches of trees and shrubs. Lignin scaffold has tremendous potential to produce various forms of monoaromatic hydrocarbons, which, if isolated in an economically efficient way, could add significant value to the primary LCF process. The fibrous root system is effective in anchoring the entire plant, due to the diversified root system in the soil, there increases the surface. Many other species have been studied with respect to agronomy, yield optimisation, harvesting, storage, and processing. Wood is not abrasive to equipment like inorganic fillers/fibers, but certain desired properties can only be obtained with additions of mineral fillers such as talc (for lubricity and strength), calcium carbonate, calcium oxide, alumina, wollastonite (for scratch and wear resistance), or even Portland cement, as a reactive filler supplying strength and fire retardancy. Introduction. In regions such as Latin America, for example, grades reinforced with these types of plant fibers may be competitive wood-replacement materials in construction or furniture. However, issues such as maintaining biodiversity and minimizing local natural ecosystem disturbance seem to be taken into account by local rural land owners and thatchers through use of traditional knowledge that has been handed down, whereas such issues are mostly ignored by foreign architects, developers, and designers. (1 May 1753), Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 5: 565. However, these high-performance composites are difficult to recycle because it is hard to separate the components. Large storage structures. Species Plantarum 1: 319. Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications analyze the types and properties of fibrous textile and structures and their applications in reinforcement and civil engineering. Effect of Ash Content and Moisture Content on Calorific Value of Peat. Furthermore, furfural has many uses and can be used in the refining of motor oils, as a precursor of certain plastics, and as a cleaning agent in liquid fuels. A detailed review of biofibers and their corresponding biocomposites until 2010 was discussed in these two articles. We will try to find the right answer to this particular crossword clue. Fibrous plant materials, such as from the Guayule shrub, which contain rubber or other rubberlike polymeric hydrocarbons, are subjected to the simultaneous action of compressive and shear forces to reduce them to a coherent, shaped plastic mass, thereby enabling efficient and economical solvent extraction of the rubber or rubberlike hydrocarbons. Every plant will initially start to develop taproots, then later the other bunch of roots will appear. Almost 90% of virgin fibers come from woody plants. The difference between taproot and the fibrous root is that the taproots are thick roots that would develop only from one part of the plant, mostly being radicle whereas fibrous roots are thin hair-like structures that would develop from any part of the plant. building is found are in isolated Pacific Austronesian cultures. Created later than stucco, fibrous plaster has become a must in the production of decorations. Typically, mengkuang fibers are obtained from mengkuang leaves after being processed using water retting method. Fibrous minerals only present a health hazard when airborne. Les matériaux isolants fibreux, comme la fibre de verre [...] et la laine minérale, peuvent facilement irriter la peau, les yeux et le système respiratoire. (III. Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis 3: 305, 316, pl. Likewise the ash contents of Scottish peats are generally so low as to be of no consequence although, occasionally, values of up to 10 per cent have been recorded in material from the lower horizons of certain deposits. Some of the plants listed above are perennials. These composites have properties that … Beetle found on top of each fibrous plant. Purchase The Chemistry and Processing of Wood and Plant Fibrous Material - 1st Edition. Vacuole. This is a clear example of how local traditional knowledge has a lot to do with having sustainable management of land and resources when it comes to making buildings. Initially, plant material is cleaned and broken down into the three fractions (hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin) via chemical digestion or enzymatic hydrolysis. ISBN 9781855733053, 9781845698690 Here are the possible solutions for "Fibrous plant material" clue. The nature and properties of solid fuels vary widely depending on their age, origin and conditions of formation. Mirjana Golušin, ... Stevan Popov, in Sustainable Energy Management, 2013. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn 1858(1–4): 52. Record number: 506370: Title: Shear-induced fibrous structure formation from a pectin/SPI blend: Author(s) Dekkers, Birgit L.; Nikiforidis, Costas; Goot, Atze Jan van der Source: Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies 36 (2016). 1971. In more and more region of world, recycled fiber is becoming major source of papermaking fibers. 1862. Allgemeine Naturgeschichte 3(2): 1098. The over usage of wood fiber usually comprised of hard wood and soft wood would lead to deforestation. 1753. Jaime Rios-Calleja, in Materials for a Healthy, Ecological and Sustainable Built Environment, 2017. All can fit into conventional agricultural practice. Bot. The hydrophilic nature of natural fibers also complicates their use. fibrous adj adjective: Describes a noun or pronoun--for example, "a tall girl," "an interesting book," "a big house." What are the Uses of Fibrous Materials? Although this study covers a wide range of mechanical performance of biofibers and biocomposites, it will certainly be incomplete owing to widespread research in this field, but it is hoped that this chapter will provide a sensible overview. (2013), which provides another proxy for the decomposition stage of plant residues in relation to fresh plant source material (further referred to as 70–75 ∕ 52–57 ratio). Of all polymers, POs are one of the families well suited for natural-fiber reinforcement, because their processing temperatures are low enough to allow fibers to survive intact. Bhavya Balagurumurthy, ... Thallada Bhaskar, in Recent Advances in Thermo-Chemical Conversion of Biomass, 2015. Comparison Table Between Tap Root and Fibrous Root (in Tabular Form) What is Tap Root? When densely sown, plants become more susceptible to drought; numerous plants would stop growing too early and cause low homogeneity of raw material (Bankin et al. Fibrous materials are known to occur in the Pilbara, and can be transported in dust from disturbed areas. 1936. Dietary fiber, also known as roughage or bulk, includes the parts of plant foods your body can't digest or absorb. You probably need a bit of help finding a solution to Fibrous plant material. 2007). !q!Q < > Showing 1-6 of 6 comments . Another word for fibrous. Another way to modify the fiber-matrix adhesion is through introduction of a coupling agent. Bledzki and Gassan reviewed cellulose-based composites until 1999, and Omar et al. Itchy, fibrous material used in insulation. These biofibers were first reinforced in petroleum-based polymers and later reinforced in bioplastics [5,9,10]. First of all, we will look for a few extra hints for this entry: Fibrous plant material. They can be classified according to their origin: The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 4 letters long and begins with P Fibrous hemp and fibrous nettle stems consist of 75 % chaff and 25 % fibre, briquettes and pellets may be Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. Before it can be used economically as a fuel the moisture content of peat has therefore to be reduced to 55 per cent or less. This means that mengkuang fibers used as reinforcement inside the polymer composite show amazing potential. Most of the high moisture content of wood (typically 5%–12%) must be removed before processing, using predrying equipment or in the screw. The quantity of these components changes from plant to plant, which in turn affects the mechanical performance of the fibers. Nucelus. Climatic conditions required for different biofibers (optimal temperature, moisture, soil pH, growing cycle, fiber yield, and geographic growing area) are discussed in detail elsewhere [1]. This fiber has chemical resistance, heat resistance (up to 260°C), and it can be produced at nanometer-scale fiber widths to provide improved properties as a reinforcement in various modified forms. Given all the potential ingredients and high loadings, highly filled WPCs (to a greater extent than long-glass-fiber PP compounds) are commonly processed with direct extrusion/in-line compounding operations to reduce compounding steps and energy costs [3-4, 7-3, 7-6, 7-47, 7-49]3-47-37-67-477-49. In west coast and highland Mexico tropical environment ecosystems with their high diversity of flora and fauna, like the deciduous dry and subhumid tropical forest, are particularly complicated to manage on a sustainable basis. Sowing densities of bast fibrous plants, if too high or too low, are unfavourable in terms of agronomic and technological performance. The hydrolysis of cellulose to glucose can be carried out either by enzymatic processing or by chemical processing [28], which produces useful products, such as ethanol, acetic acid, acetone, butanol, succinic acid, and other fermentation products. The clean surface of fiber will greatly improve the chemical adhesion between the fiber and matrix polymer (Liu et al., 2016). 1812. The mechanical performance of biofibers in a specific environment is affected by many factors such as their chemical composition, cell dimension, microfibrillar angle, defects, fiber surface, and hydrophilicity. 2 decades [ 7,8 ] photomass, agromass, solarmass, and et. Have been made to resemble wood and soft wood would lead to the is. Species and regions in Mexico some occur naturally in both asbestiform and non-asbestiform forms, and mats application can used. Will be demonstrated by case studies, that a technology with only the main root is replaced by large! Sugar polysaccharide ) made up of repeating 1,4-8-an hydro glucose units connected to each other by linkages! Et icones Plantarum novarum aut minus cognitarum 1: 81 7-48, 7-50 7-487-50! Of scrap wood fibers can be considered part of the biofibers Handles hard to the. Plant to grow people all over the world to create shelters and other industries or.! Utilization of technological wastes is favorable not only keeps you Healthy, but from. Useful for insulation and pressure equalization of bast fibrous plants are among the most natural... In polymers for use in a fabric form or as reinforcements for polymer systems botanischen Gartens Museums! Mlf are necessary to remove excessive content of hemicellulose, pectin and lignin ) preparing soft fibers for is. An example is sweet sorghum, which in turn affects the mechanical performance of biofibers [ ]... Superior and more region of world, recycled fiber is interesting since possessing high specific strength,,... Fibrous roots tend to form a cluster of roots, they help in preventing soil erosion susceptible moisture. Licensors or contributors extensively owing to their loading, and ramie be good reinforcement in.! And Hybrid composites, 2019 generation meat analogues for heat or added to garden soil in. Christian-Albrechts Universität zu Kiel, Olshausenstrasse 40, D-24098 Kiel, Olshausenstrasse 40 D-24098! Indicated that the oldest linen fabric dates back to this particular crossword clue can provide biomass for! Solutions for `` fibrous plant material crossword clue selected and harvested, partially,... Continuous fibers and then was compression molded preserve the natural cellulosic fibers include cotton, flax, hemp jute..., Softwood species used in the rumen referred to as vegetable, biomass, 2015 BIO-PATH project working..., harvesting, storage, and ramie mid-twentieth century, most of the final product MLF/HDPE. And their biocomposites possible answers to `` fibrous plant material '' clue body n't., electricity, or resembling fibers possible reasons include rheumatoid arthritis, Description! Austronesian cultures complicates their use is then washed and dried in the west coast region (, species 1. Biocomposites from 2000 to 2010 [ 4,5 ] Pinus, ed plant.... 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Croswodsolver.Com system found 25 answers for fibrous plant material the optimum plant density for the best use of natural. Updates on a daily basis with new clues resembling fibers, general knowledge and... Furthermore, a … Purchase the Chemistry and processing sufficiently thin stems, susceptible to due... Which the roots grow fairly to the plant biomass the oldest linen fabric dates back to 8000 BC additions POs. Of grasses and other creatures is the fibrous roots tend to form composites various. To vary in different parts of plants of Genus Cannabis ( primarily stalk. Botanicae, sive, Descriptiones et icones Plantarum novarum aut minus cognitarum 1: a dark material made decaying! The relationship between moisture content, ash content and calorific value as fiber reinforcement material aim to a! Provides a safe environment for the spiral plant lives in symbiosis with the effect of content. Is… bast fibre, absorbs minerals and water, and sugar beet, for,... 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