Basic Characteristics of Religion. He notes that the above attributes cluster in patterns that point to something quite possibly independent of cultural variables — a certain set of psychological traits that he sees bound inextricably with narcissism. I doubt it. In religious usage, primarily in storytelling that explains spiritual phenomena or the origins of doctrines, it is neutral as to the truth or falsity of the tale enshrined in the myth. Does anyone dispute that there are many Islamic and Jewish and Christian movements that can generally be described (with widespread agreement) as fundamentalist despite their differences in specific dogmas? It is the psychology (not the dogmas) of those groups that Pataki is discussing. Scary. In an earlier post you suggested everyone thinks that way. And as such, they are “privileged” or “burdened” with a special mission on behalf of their deity and for the benefit of the world. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. . (I’m reminded in particular of a famous study some decades ago of millenialist movements in the middle ages, “The Pursuit of the Millennium“.). The first concept of religion is sacred, which is the idea that religion binds individuals and communities together. Upon hearing the word ritual, most people therefore envision a formal ceremony. I’m also happy to see even Jim giving Neil credit where credit is due. There is only one true religion and one correct way of life; and these must be defended against inroads from other religions and secularism. 10 characteristics of religious fundamentalism. Neither do rituals need be a long and drawn out affair. “For an excellent example of generally high-quality scholarship by someone who isn’t a biblical studies professor, see Neil Godfrey’s work posted on the website vridar.org.”, “Thanks for your very elaborate review! Sad that the US of A is more becoming a theocracy. 4. The life of constantine — Eusebius Pamphilius. Each of these castes is a well developed social group, the membership of … This common use though isn’t correct. For he had dominion over all region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him. Religion can be defined with six characteristics: Sacred, myth, ritual, community, morality, and religious leaders. People do change their beliefs. ... a rejection of industrialization and organized religion, and the inclusion of supernatural or mythological elements. (I Kings 4:20-25). I’m so glad you’re helping to spread these ideas! . Both human and animal sacrifices were offered to their gods 3. The fewer the features demonstrated, the less likely it will be termed a religion. Too bad the link to Pataki’s article still isn’t working. Personal experiences not only confirm faith, they also help in personalizing God within the mind of the believer, thus allowing contact on a more personal level. Soteriological(having to do with salvation): Post-archaic reli- gions are schemes of salvation, concerned with the source, nature, and appropriate methods of removal of some evil be- lieved to afflict humans. The classification of religions involves: (1) the effort to establish groupings among historical religious communities having certain elements in common or (2) the attempt to categorize similar religious phenomena to reveal the structure of religious experience as a whole.. Function and significance. The Aztec religion focused on how gods, humans, and nature were related. They (fundamentalists) are counter-modernist. There are many reasons for people converting to this or that religion, credulity and need for belonging not being the least of them. Some of them I agree with, others I do not. (But the notes and comments elaborating that will have to wait — will be quicker for most to locate and read his book yourself.). As you’ve gathered I’m far from a determinist. This great age came to an end with the Bharata War, the beginning of which is dramatically described in the Bhagavad-gita and the result, according to the text, was over a million deaths. happen to be some of the most astute and well-read amateurs you can read on the internet on the subject of biblical historicity. 9. In religion a myth is a traditional story with a historical basis. Sadly, when it comes to a matter of living up to the goal of righteous perfection, religion has never achieved a perfect score. Fundamentalists are the worst kind. It (fundamentalism) manifests itself as an attempt by “besieged believers” to find their refuge in arming themselves with an identity that is rooted in a past golden age. The Mythological Dimension of Religion is composed of myths, symbols, and tales through which the Spiritual World is symbolized. Religion is a system of beliefs and moral norms that serve as spiritual guide for the human being; the mythology that composes them and their main characteristics vary between culture and culture. Tags: Fundamentalism, Pataki: Against Religion. One of the 10 points says these groups fear losing their distinctness — they have to maintain their distinct identities and cannot abide being confused with others, especially those who appear to outsiders as the most similar. Good job.”, “I’d like to thank you for this very nice representation of what I was trying to show in the book. The 6 basic characteristics of civilization are cities, organized governments, art, religion, class divisions, and a writing system. Yet clear distinction is very important, due to the fact that they must be clear when presenting their overall total view of reality, through an understandable and believable system of doctrines. “Neil Godfrey and Tim Widowfield, who both write at Vridar . Literal interpretations and obedience leave no room for uncertainty, no matter how uncertain the real world. A place where there is a black and white, a Manichaean struggle between absolutes, good and evil, truth and error, God and Satan. I find your blog most interesting and appreciate your ongoing effort to keep to the evidence for the issues discussed! My point was mainly that while these groups may well be referred to by a majority as ‘fundamentalist’ and they display these 10 ‘problems’ we should still be cautious about how we use the word fundamentalist. And this identity is acted out in an attempt to restore that “golden past”. No group will ever admit basic error or change their views like that because they are based on “beliefs” and “faith”.) In addition, rituals often denote such events as births, deaths, marriages, anniversaries, etc.,  effectively bringing those observances into conformity with the Spiritual World through overtones of religious teachings. Female sexuality is associated strongly with “animalism” and pollution — giving rise to taboos on certain sexual practices. All religions have a sense that there is a right way to live and act, and if we do this, we reap some sort of spiritual benefit. You are doing essentially the same quality now (apart from the philology and languages) except mostly sticking to commenting on others’ work as informed comment/discussion.”. . . And there is zero historical evidence for Ned Ludd, and this was long after birth, baptism & criminal records started…, Appreciate the thoroughness of your reply as well as the added references. Islam does not involve abstract ideas that are hard to believe. Your clarity of expression, fair comments and personal insights are much valued. In other words it is anathema to them to be branded as part of a larger collection of groups under the same label. It is also exclusive to state that there is no truth or even that they are all true or that we can’t know truth. Musings on biblical studies, politics, religion, ethics, human nature, tidbits from science. “The fundamentalist, whether Christian, Judaistic or Islamic, will accept all but only into one exclusive “truth”.” It is the hope of every convert in organized religion to have contact with, and participate in, the Spiritual World through the observance of rituals. A – Art and Architecture: including art, architecture, music, literature, science, and writing P – Politics and Government: controls and regulates some of the members of the society E – Economics: members of the society perform different jobs and become specialists Myth is not the conventional definition we think of rather a much deeper concept. “The control of female sexuality is sometimes linked with the fear of emasculation and homosexuality.” The fear of men being led to become like women is expressed in Islamic and Christian writings. Ghandi as well. These events continue to impact the marketplace, yet decision makers are … Patik discusses the changes in usage and application of the word ‘fundamentalist’ in the last few decades. Such a religion therefore usually has an ability to adapt to the physical environment surrounding it (much like a lizard changing colors). Since the act of ritual involves unified actions between mind and body, and given the fact that when conjoined in action the spiritual dominates the physical, the spiritual aspect of the action should always be allowed due dominance? 1. “You are with us or against us.”. The interminable opinions, one way or the other, are for the most part wise-seeming, meaningless generalizations. The more personal religious experience becomes, the greater the faith becomes within the convert. The majority commonly misuse a lot of words. Beware of the Biased Distinction Between Civilized and Ron Rhodes, The Challenge of the Cults and New Religions: The Essential Guide to Their History, Their Doctrine, and Our Response (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001), 31–34: SOCIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTS. To return, in part, to Pataki’s examples — Most of us know of the idyllic kingdoms of David and Solomon for a Jewish example: Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life. Religious pluralism is a problem for the fundamentalist. If so, you are expressing part of the black and white problematic phenomenon that Patik is attempting to help us understand — at a psychological level. In fact, Godfrey is extremely well read and his librarian skills have brought many important academic works to my attention. The sixth characteristics in Islam are that there is no clergy or religious monopoly. Women are subordinated in marriage, reproduction, abortion, ordination, access to or emphasis on education. Ghurye, there are six main characteristics of caste system, which are briefly given below. you seem to be incapable of thinking that anyone thinks differently from you — to a fundamentalist everyone is a fundamentalist. “God’s law always trumps human law.” (Pataki does not directly say it, but we know democracy is not a value of the fundamentalist.). Hence the Hindu destruction of the Babri mosque in 1992 and its consequent bloodshed; the “right” of Jews to the biblical lands of the West Bank (and eventually beyond? Nancy Fraser – June 2019 (personal email), “I’ve even been cited by atheists with approval (which I really don’t know how to take, so thanks, I think, but I’m not sure, Vrider (even though I feel like I need to take a shower now)).”. , They may well be commonly referred to fundamentalist. As Pataki comments, this notion of government has a medieval tincture to it. I refer to your site frequently as yet more names and publications pop up requiring an academic critique and helpful recommendations for book purchases. I don’t always agree with them, but I respect their work.”. It was a polytheistic religion/They worshiped many gods 2. (Pataki does not address it here, but of course the Book of Acts was written to portray a “pre-heretical” golden age in its earliest chapters at least.). I have a problem with what some of them believe is fundamental. ), along with the consequent bloodshed; the militancy, threats, intimidation and sometimes violence on the part of America’s “Christian Right”. Characteristically Religious Feelings Awe, a sense of mystery, a sense of guilt, and adoration are "religious feelings" which tend to be aroused in religious believers when they come in the presence of sacred objects, in sacred places, and during the practice of sacred rituals. The point is to “be separate” so where there are similar groups the slight differences are exaggerated — the heretic being more of a threat than the infidel! 6. Judaism teaches that all humans were created in the image of God and that God intends to send a person to remedy the ills of the world. More often than not, the beliefs and ethical ideals of a religion are determined by the prevailing social conditions and attitudes within its community of origin. The common goal of Christianity is to spread faith and good morals, and we give inspiration. Characteristics of God. Who Will See “The Kingdom of God Coming with Power” in Mark 9:1? And they even admit this in many cases, being proud to become “as children” and remain “a child of god” etc. The more I read your stuff (and I still do, of course), the more I realize how much we all owe you. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. You’re familiar with the usual suspects. The gods were represented by images and symbols 5. On the heels of Enron and Sarbanes-Oxley and the subsequent birth of the ethics consulting industry, conversations around the value and place of spirituality in the workplace have been further encouraged by the need for managers and leaders to behave more ethically in the world and to foster ethical decision-making in their workforces. “I always enjoy reading Neil’s blog because I think that he is careful, thorough, intellectually fair, and honest.”. Rituals often reflect the ways of the past as well as the ways of divine beings, through legends most often directly associated with the features of the ceremony or festival at hand. Are you wishing instead that there be theological debates so that the one group you favour has a chance to prove their beliefs and disprove the others? That is what psychology and sociology is about. May attempt to explain a little more in a future post. All are truth statements and make claims of absolute truth. (Part 2). . I would suggest Patik’s view/system might be just as black and white as the one he is investigating though. Your voice is unique. They built high places for their gods and goddesses 6. Their ancestors came to America to preserve their 17th century religious prejudices and today’s descendants have remained isolated as the rest of the world has long since moved on. (A cell phone photo won’t do for the…, I will see if I can get a scan to you Neil. Elements of Religious Traditions Paper Patricia Summerville REL 134 August 23, 2010 Clark Frailey Abstract Religion is practiced by believers all over the world. It might be termed magic, or sorcery, cult or some other description but not as a full fledged religion. If we don’t use fundamentalist to refer to those groups, then you are free to suggest another word for them, and we can discuss them under that term if you wish. According to G.S. We should be debating their ideas and beliefs, instead of just writing them off as fundamentalists/intolerants/extremists/radicals etc…, Words are what people understand them to mean and their meanings alter as usage changes. Female sexuality must be controlled and clear impassable boundaries must be established between men and women. But it IS useful and valid for purposes of understanding and studying certain social phenomena and movements, especially cross culturally, to find a word that is understood by the majority. I don’t think the ten are a fair representation of all fundamentals. Why Scholars Came to Think of Jesus as an Apocalyptic Prophet, On Internet Censorship and Mainstream Propaganda, Substance and Image in Domestic and International Political Power, Did Jonathan Z. Smith Really Not Understand Ideal Types? I realized that I hadn’t added your blog to our blogroll. Your email address will not be published. To him, charismatic leaders are said to possess superior debating and persuasive skills and technical expertise, to foster attitudinal, behavioral and emotional changes in their followers. to express appreciation for your detailed interaction with what I’ve written!”, “These reviews of yours are so bloody weird!”, “Very good. Extremely well read and his librarian skills have brought many important academic works to my attention,... But not as a religion them believe is fundamental dictionary definition of fundamental instead of the.. 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