Gaultheria shallon. The inflorescence consists of a bracteate raceme, one-sided, with five to 15 flowers at the ends of branches. One of our native North American wildflowers, and a charming plant for areas with moist, acidic soil. Prefers moist to dry soils. They have a leathery texture and are dark glossy green above and paler below. Genus Gaultheria are evergreen, often dioecious, shrubs with simple, leathery leaves and small, bell-shaped white or pink flowers, followed by long lasting fleshy fruits in various colours . Propagate by seed or by division of plants. Spreading by underground stems, Shallon will spread over time to form an attractive ground cover. In the WFDP: Salal is susceptible to suppression-induced mortality in this energy-limited system.. Fire effects: The shade-tolerant salal appears well able to persist under a regime of relatively infrequent fires.Long fire-free intervals are common in many climax coastal coniferous forests of the Pacific Northwest. The risk of G. shallon being introduced into new areas is likely related to its availability in the North American market for ornamental purposes. This plant has no children Legal Status. Gaultheria shallon) produces delicious fruit, is easy to grow, tolerates a wide range of soils and growing conditions, and has no major pest problems. Geographic subdivisions for Gaultheria shallon: NCo, KR, NCoRO, CCo, SnFrB, s SCoRO : MAP CONTROLS 1. Black berries provide wildlife food. The risk of spread, however, is probably low east of the Rocky Mountains, as the climatic conditions in continental North America are unfavourable for this species. Usually a small, to medium sized shrub, some specimens have reached 15 ft. Can spread via underground rhizomes. see more; Family Ericaceae . In […] Perfect for shady areas. Create spectacular spring borders like this one. They can easily be controlled. 2019-10-27. true. Gaultheria shallon. Gaultheria shallon is 0.2 to 5 m (0.66 to 16.40 ft) tall, sprawling to erect. Relationships: There are about 175 species of Gaultheria worldwide but … Gaultheria procumbens is a dense evergreen, creeping North American shrub which makes an eye-catching carpet of dark green, red tinted and metallic foliage in winter, complementing its red berries, which nestle among the leaves. To use the website as intended please  Hardy to USDA Zone 6      Native to western North America, from Alaska to California, where it is a common forest understory shrub. David Douglas (1799–1834), the famous Scottish plant explorer, on April 8, 1826, after a nearly 9 month voyage from England,  stepped on to land at Baker Bay not far from the mouth of the Columbia River. Ranges in height from 2′ to 6′ depending upon its situation. [2] Leaves are evergreen, alternate, thick and leathery, dark green and finely toothed. Genus Gaultheria are evergreen, often dioecious, shrubs with simple, leathery leaves and small, bell-shaped white or pink flowers, followed by long lasting fleshy fruits in various colours Details G. shallon is an evergreen shrub that reaches around 1.2m tall and spreads by underground stems. Mature size: 10" tall and 12" spread. Common name: salal Scientific name: Gaultheria shallon Native American names: sallal (Chinook)[1] Plant family: Ericaceae Description: Salal is one of the most common understory shrubs that spread along the forest floor.Stems are thick and hairy and are variable in height. Sold by florists as "lemon leaves". Shallon is the name commonly used in Britain where it was introduced—it is derived from its native name, Salal. Use the checklist below to decide if Gaultheria procumbens is the correct plant for you and your garden: They are low growing spreading shrubs which reach a maximum height of 30cm / 1ft and an almost indefinite spread if left to their own devices. Native to western North America from California to British Columbia. Gaultheria shallon is a leathery-leaved shrub belonging to the heather family (Ericaceae). Leaves alternate, simple, oval-rounded, glossy bright green, 5-10 cm long, bristly serrate. Salal berries are mildly sweet, and are often used in … Each flower is composed of a deeply five-parted, glandular-haired calyx and an urn-shaped pink to white, glandular to hairy, five-lobed Difficult to transplant. Locally, such as in the New Forest, shallon can become a serious pest, forming dense, evergreen thickets to the exclusion of native vegetation. Common name: salal Scientific name: Gaultheria shallon Native American names: sallal (Chinook)[1] Plant family: Ericaceae Description: Salal is one of the most common understory shrubs that spread along the forest floor.Stems are thick and hairy and are variable in height. Plants will spread over time to form an attractive ground cover. Salal (Gaultheria shallon)-Root Rot. A mounding evergreen that forms large colonies in time. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. campus: west of Milam Hall. Details G. procumbens is a dwarf evergreen shrub to 15cm in height, spreading indefinitely, with rounded leathery leaves, aromatic when crushed and turning reddish in winter. Erosion control. This evergreen shrub can grow to 5’ in height and spread to 5’ in the shade. Spread is indefinite when happy. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Patrick Breen, Salal (Gaultheria shallon) is so forgiving of conditions that it is always tempting to stretch its ideal preferences, placing it where it gets too much sun, or too little water, or otherwise in some location where it will perform so-so to okay, but not be at its finest. Availability: High Growing ease: Medium Moisture req. Flowers urn-shaped, white or pinkish, borne in late spring. Bundle of 5 plugs. Gaultheria procumbens, commonly called wintergreen, is a rhizomatous, creeping, woody, evergreen groundcover of the heath family that is native to woodlands in Eastern North America (Newfoundland to Manitoba south to Minnesota, Tennessee, Virginia and in the mountains to Georgia and Alabama). Gaultheria shallon Pursh – salal Subordinate Taxa. Only plants will be removed from the collection. Shallon, or Gaultheria shallon; Sudden Oak Death Distribution. Its dark blue “berries” (actually swollen sepals) are edible raw and can be made into jams, preserves, and pies. Interpreting Wetland Status. Waxy, nodding, bell-shaped, … Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Salal is described as a woody survivor of fire. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The disease can spread when the sheets are used under other pots. Will spread to form thickets in the landscape. The berries are attractive to birds, which help this shrub spread into the wild, but it is also planted for game cover in woods and on heaths. Good as a ground cover in rock gardens. Note this is the default cart. Plants form a low, spreading mat of rounded, glossy green leaves. : part shade - shade Plant description: The single best ground cover for northwest gardens, salal is a do it all plant. OSU Plant Clinic Image, 2013. Each finely and sharply serrate leaf is 5 to 10 cm (2.0 to 3.9 in) long. An iconic native shrub that occupies the understory of the forests from the coast to the Cascades- in the Willamette Valley its restricted to the shadiest, mesic environs. Lovely to have by the front door. The potted ones get lots of positive comments. Leaves are simple, alternate, persistent, ovate to oval and 2 to 4 inches long. The green leaves are evergreen turning to a slight pink hue in winter. Gaultheria shallon is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. Leaves alternate, simple, oval-rounded, glossy bright green, 5-10 cm long, bristly serrate. Fine roots rot away and a cinnamon-brown color advances up into the root crown. We were given cuttings by the late Ericaceous collector Art Dome who grew this to perfection at his Seward Park garden in Seattle. Gaultheria shallon. Above-ground symptoms vary. Height: 5 ft. Genotype analysis of twelve salal samples and … Foliage turns bronze in the winter. In spring to mid summer, small, urn-shaped, white or light pink flowers dangle along reddish bristly stems in the upper leaf axils. Planted 2 in the garden and 2 in pots. Birds attracted to the fruit. There are many ways invasive insects, pathogens, and weeds can spread through holiday greenery and Christmas trees. Slow to spread: plant 10-25 per square yard. Grows up to 4-10 ft. tall and wide (120-300 cm). Salal is a low-growing, leathery-leaved evergreen shrub that tolerates a wide variety of conditions. He states in his. SPECIES: Gaultheria shallon GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Salal is an erect to spreading, clonal evergreen shrub or subshrub which grows 1.3 to 10 feet (0.4-3 m) in height [ … It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to October. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Evergreen, its dense, tough, egg-headed leaves are shiny and dark green on the upper surface, and rough and lighter green on the lower. Fruit, 1 cm rounded, black, ripen in summer, edible but bland. They are covered with heart-shaped, nearly round, leathery, glossy green leaves that turn reddish-purple with winter cold. [2] North America; Alaska: FAC Arid West: FACU Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast: FACU Related Links. Spreads by suckering. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Evergreen Shrub. Broadleaved evergreen shrub, less than 2 ft (0.6 m) tall in full sun and poor soil, but 4-10 ft (1.2-3 m) in shade and good soil, nearly equal spread, dense, developing into thickets, branches erect. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Pot up with soil attached for best results. If you are looking for a low care and long-lasting summer... A border of Asters is an unforgettable spectacle in the... Rich in texture and interest, this elegant summer garden... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Native to western North America, Gaultheria shallon (Shallon) is a dense, robust, evergreen shrub with erect or spreading, intricately branched stems. Aberdeenshire. Broadleaved evergreen shrub, less than 2 ft (0.6 m) tall in full sun and poor soil, but 4-10 ft (1.2-3 m) in shade and good soil, nearly equal spread, dense, developing into thickets, branches erect. The plant is native to western North America. In the spring of 2009, infested ditch water as well as infected salal (Gaultheria shallon) was confirmed along the perimeter of the nursery. They are abundantly found in the wild in the coastal regions of western North America but have been localized in Europe too. Oregon State Univ. Mature size: 4-6' tall and 3-5' spread . They are followed by edible dark-blue berries that ripen in late summer. [2] Small soft-pink bell flowers are followed by large scarlet berries, which are edible. Gaultheria procumbens Big Berry (‘Gaubi… Sun or part shade, acid soils, good companion for rhododendron and ferns. A relative of wintergreen, this North American native bears edible, dark blue berries that were once an important food source for native peoples of the Pacific coast. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Glossy leaves. Here are some alternative ground covers, as well as tips on how to eradicate it, and how to live with it if you must. Accept Wetland Status. California county polygons can be turned off and on in … Gaultheria shallon: Salal The leaves are somewhat large (2-4” long x 1-3” wide), with an almost reptilian texture of the richest green hue. 2. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The evergreen foliage is so attractive that it is often used by florists in flower arrangements. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Ivy does cover ground -- too well, in fact. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Adiantum pedatum (Northern Maidenhair Fern), Dicentra formosa (Pacific Bleeding Heart), Native Plant Alternatives to Hedera helix (English Ivy), A Spectacular Spring Border Idea with Brilliant Tulips and Cotinus, A Four-Season Border with Evergreen Conifers and Japanese Maples, A Super Climbing Duo with Crimson Roses and Purple Clematis, A Splendid Fall Border Idea with Penstemon, Asters and Grasses, A Fragrant and Colorful Summer Border Idea, A Colorful Summer Border Idea with Easy-to-Grow Plants, A Wonderful Summer Border Idea with Easy-to-Grow Plants, A Glowing Fall Border with Asters, Chinese Lanterns and Butterfly Bushes, An Elegant Summer Garden Idea with Hydrangea, Rose and Astilbe, Cut Flowers, Showy, Evergreen, Fruit & Berries. Gaultheria schultesii A rare relative of our local Salal (Gaultheria shallon) collected by Jeanette Kunnen in the mountains above Oaxaca in Mexico. They are covered with heart-shaped, nearly round, leathery, glossy green leaves that turn reddish-purple with winter cold. Edible black fruit. Pinkish white bell-like flowers. GAULTHERIA shallon 'Salal' Evergreen shrub with bright green leaves. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. New leaves look great, flowers give interest and the berries are the crowning glory. Gaultheria shallon. The furthest infected plants were down the ditch, about 400 feet from the nursery. It’s easy to grow and makes an attractive edging plant for informal paths and wild garden beds. Salal. The flowers, that are abundant in spring and early summer, are clusters of drooping bell-shaped white-to-pinkish flowers, delicate and lovely in … Plant in acidic soil in sun to partial shade. In sunny spots the plants may only get 1’-3’ tall. The top three ways of spread are: Improper disposal of holiday greenery and Christmas trees. May. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. : dry - moist Exposure req. The berries can be eaten fresh, cooked and dried. Erect stems clad with glossy, leathery, elliptic to oblong, dark green leaves (to 2 long) rise up from the rhizomes to 3-6 tall. Predominantly found at lower elevations due to its frost sensitivity. Native to western North America, Gaultheria shallon (Shallon) is a dense, robust, evergreen shrub with erect or spreading, intricately branched stems. Very happy with Gaultheria. They are also a source of food for birds and mammals. Leathery texture and are dark glossy green leaves the risk of G. shallon being introduced into areas...: the single best ground cover for northwest gardens, salal is described as a survivor! 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