Spanish Jesuit missionary to China Father Diego de Pantoja (Didaco Pantoia) writes a work on Chinese etiquette, with the soundbyte: “When they have ended their salutations, they straightway cause a drink to be brought, which they call ch’a, which is water boyled with a certaine herbe, which they much esteeme… and they must drink of it twice or thrice.”. East India Company started tea production in Nepal. The controversy over tea continues in England and Scotland where opponents claim it's overpriced, harmful to one's health, and may even lead to moral decay. Tea is the common name of the Camellia sinensis plant which possesses cooling and astringent flavor. The Japanese tea ceremony emerges onto the scene. Twinings of England begins to blend tea for uniformity. For millennia it was a medicinal beverage obtained by boiling fresh leaves in water, but around the 3rd century ce it became a daily drink, and tea cultivation and processing began. King Charles II married the Portuguese Princess Catherine of Braganza, who, not only introduced tea at court, but also brought to England (as part of her dowry), the territories of Bombay and Tangiers. They begin to trade opium, (which they could grow cheaply in India) with the Chinese for tea. Thomas Twinning puts tea on the menu at his London coffeehouse. Thomas Johnstone Lipton opens his first shop in Glasgow, using American merchandising methods he learned working in the grocery section of a New York department store. Mongolia takes over China and since the Emperor of Mongol isn't a "tea guy," tea drinking dies down in the courts and among the aristocracy. British soldiers are given tea as part of their rations. While distracted by his passion for tea, or so the story goes, he doesn't notice the Mongol take over of his empire. Alternatively use it as a simple call to action with a link to a product or a page. According to legend tea has been known in China since about 2700 bce. Japanese Buddhist abbot Eisai, who introduced Zen Buddhism to Japan, brings tea seeds from China and plants them around his Kyoto temple. Ready for a little bit of history? Chinese Emperor Hui Tsung becomes tea obsessed and writes about the best tea-whisking methods. He employs the Buddhist priest Shuko to develop a ceremony around the service of tea. U.S. clipper ships soon desert China trade for the more profitable work of taking gold seekers to California. By clicking enter you are verifying that you are old enough to consume alcohol. Italian Venetian geographer Giambattista (Giovanni Battista) Ramusio (1485-1557) writes Navigatione et Viaggi (Voyages and Travels) (3 vols. The trade caravans consisting of over 200 camels take over 16 months to cross the 11,000 miles between Moscow and Beijing. Merrill J. Fernando dedicated his life to tea when in the 1950s, he saw the concentration of ownership in the tea industry in the hands of a few large corporations. The first tea plants, imports from China and India, are cultivated on a trial basis in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). The tale begins in the early 1820s, barely five years after the surrender of Kandy, the last surviving indigenously-ruled state in Ceylon, to the British crown. Black tea exceeds green tea in popularity in Europe. But the history of tea is fascinating, and in this section we can follow its story from the earliest times in Imperial China right up to its present place at the heart of British life. Thomas J Lipton Co. is established as a tea packing company with its headquarters and factory in Hoboken, New Jersey. Generally, it is consumed in combination with boiling water or cold water. It was initially used as medicine in ancient China, where people chewed on fresh leaves for their refreshing and invigorating effect before they learned to brew it in water … The English East India Company brings the gift of tea to the British king and queen. Reddit. His edicts required that all drinking water be boiled as a hygienic precaution. Before the indigenous Assam tea plants are identified, British naturalist Sir Joseph Banks, hired by the East India Company, suggests that India grow, plant and cultivate imported Chinese tea. The Chinese give tea give its own character: chía. A small amount is sent to England and quickly purchased due to its uniqueness. His customers, mistaking his intentions, like the convenience of simply dunking the sachet into hot water, and begin to order their tea in this fashion. The “tea heretics” (doctors and university authorities) of Holland argue over the positive and negative effects of tea, while the Dutch continue to enjoy their newfound beverage. The Massachusetts colony is known to drink black tea. 700’s Tea became popular medicine during the Tang Dynasty Period. Thomas Lipton buys tea estates in Ceylon, in order to sell tea at a reasonable price at his growing chain of 300 grocery stores. The masses continue to indulge. Shifting the priority from tea leaf to tea bag, the world’s great thirst had actually weakened the very nature of the experience. Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey (Viscount Horwick) forms a new government in England and he becomes British PM. Revolution Tea is founded on the idea of bringing premium, full-leaf teas to consumers. Nestle USA introduced the first instant tea, Nestea. One summer day while visiting a distant region, he and the court stopped to rest, and his se… With the Industrial Revolution and the transition from hand production methods to machines, merchants like Sir Thomas Lipton demanded high-speed packaging to facilitate world-wide distribution. Last of the London Tea Auctions held. British workers are given tea breaks throughout the day as this is thought to improve their productivity. Now called Kuang Ya in the Chinese dictionary, tea and its detailed infusion and preparation steps are defined. Parliament further reduces the British import taxes on tea in an effort to end the smuggling that accounts for the majority of the nation's tea imports. You have it twice a day and though the expense is considerable, the humblest peasant has his tea just like the rich man.”, The American Revolution is over, and America begins to trade directly with China. By then, the rest of the island had already been a British colony for more than a generation. The selection of the right teapot used to brew the tea was just as important as the selection of the type of tea itself. The Boston Tea Party was a protest that took place in Boston during the American Revolution. An early credible record of tea drinking dates to the 3rd century AD, in a medical text written by Hua Tuo. Parliament rescinds the Townshend Revenue Act, eliminating all import taxes except those on teas. Congress reduces U.S. duties on coffee and tea and other imports. Mrs Florence Philips, a tea planter’s wife smuggled a box of tea seeds out of India and these were planed in Chipinge (Southern Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe): led to the development of the tea industry in the then colony. English tea drinking hits a rate of 2 pounds per capita annually, a rate that increases by five times over the next 10 years. The first known Taiwanese cultivation and export of domestic tea takes place. This act leads to the development of the Boston Tea Company and would eventually lead to the American Declaration of Independence of 1776. The Adulteration of Food, Drink, and Drugs Act deems the sale of adulterated drugs or other unlabeled mixtures with foreign additives that increase weight as punishable offenses. Ethical (?!) Nations have defined themselves by the tea trade and culturally by their tea ceremonies. Revolution Tea introduces the first flow-through Infuser tea bag, which captures the flavor and aroma of loose, full-leaf tea in the convenience of a tea bag. 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